Patrik Schmuki

Patrik Schmuki obtained his Ph.D. from ETH Zurich, Switzerland, in 1992. From 1994–1997 he worked at Brookhaven National Laboratory, U.S., and at the Institute for Microstructural Sciences of the National Research Council of Canada. From 1997–2000, he has been Associate Professor for Microstructuring Materials at EPFL, Switzerland, and in 2000 became Full Professor and Head of the Institute for Surface Science and Corrosion at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. Since 2017 he is also head of the “Photoelectrochemistry/Fuel cells” research division at the Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Palacky University in Olomouc, Czech Republic. He co-authored nearly 600 publications and 6 books, and in 2015 and 2016 was among the Highly Cited Researchers in the Chemistry category. His research interests target electrochemistry and materials science at the nanoscale, with a particular focus on functional materials and self-organization processes.


Research activities

Electrochemistry and materials science at the nanoscale – particularly, self-organized metal oxide nanostructures: formation, properties, applications

Nanostructured materials for: photo-electrochemical water splitting, dye-sensitized solar cells, photocatalysis, ion-intercalation (insertion) devices, membrane fabrication, supercapacitors, biomedical applications

Techniques for material characterization: Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), Electrochemistry, Photoelectrochemistry, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS)


Publication activities

Author and co-author of ca. 600 publications (Scopus, May 2017) in international peer-reviewed journals, and of six books. More than 25000 citations (Scopus, May 2017); h-index 88 (Scopus, May 2017).


Selected Grants

ERC – Advanced Grant, APhotoReactor (PI), 2014–2019 (link:

German Research Foundation (DFG):


  • Advanced Nanoheterostructures as Photoanodes for Solar Water Splitting (co-PI), 2016–2017
  • Nanostructure Engineering for Solar Energy Conversion (co-PI), 2017

Selected publications

  • K. Lee, A. Mazare, P. Schmuki, “One-dimensional titanium dioxide nanomaterials: Nanotubes”, CHEM. REV. 2014, 114, 9385–9454.
  • S. Kment, F. Riboni, S. Pausova, L. Wang, L. Wang, H. Han, Z. Hubicka, J. Krysa, P. Schmuki, R. Zboril, “Photoanodes based on TiO2 and α-Fe2O3 for solar water splitting – superior role of 1D nanoarchitectures and of combined heterostructures”, CHEM. SOC. REV. 2017, DOI: 10.1039/C6CS00015K.
  • K. R. Hebert, S. P. Albu, I. Paramasivam, P. Schmuki, “Morphological instability leading to formation of porous anodic oxide films”, NAT. MATER. 2012, 11, 162–166.
  • P. Roy, S. Berger, P. Schmuki, “TiO2 nanotubes: Synthesis and applications”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 2904–2939.
  • S. So, P. Schmuki, “Fast Electron Transport and High Surface Area: Potential Application of Porous Anatase Single Crystals in Solar Cells”, ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED. 2013, 52, 7933–7935.
  • S. So, I. Hwang, P. Schmuki, “Hierarchical DSSC structures based on “single walled” TiO2 nanotube arrays reach a back-side illumination solar light conversion efficiency of 8%”, EN. ENVIRONM. SCI. 2015, 8, 849–854.
  • M. Altomare, N.T. Nguyen, P. Schmuki, “Templated dewetting: designing entirely self-organized platforms for photocatalysis”, CHEM. SCI. 2016, 7, 6865–6886.
  • J. E. Yoo, K. Lee, M. Altomare, E. Selli, P. Schmuki, “Self-Organized Arrays of Single-Metal Catalyst Particles in TiO2 Cavities: A Highly Efficient Photocatalytic System”, ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED. 2013, 29, 7662–7665.
  • N. Liu, C. Schneider, D. Freitag, U. Venkatesan, V. R. R. Marthala, M. Hartmann, B. Winter, E. Spiecker, A. Osvet, E. M. Zolnhofer, K. Meyer, T. Nakajima, X. Zhou, P. Schmuki, “Hydrogenated anatase: Strong photocatalytic dihydrogen evolution without the use of a co-catalyst”, ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED. 2014, 126, 14425–14429.
  • A. Ghicov, J. M. Macak, H. Tsuchiya, J. Kunze, V. Haeublein, L. Frey, P. Schmuki, “Ion Implantation and Annealing for an Efficient N-Doping of TiO2 Nanotubes”, NANO LETT. 2006, 6, 1080–1082.
  • P. Roy, C. Das, K. Lee, R. Hahn, T. Ruff, M. Moll, P. Schmuki, “Oxide nanotubes on Ti-Ru alloys: Strongly enhanced and stable photoelectrochemical activity for water splitting”, J. AM. CHEM. SOC. 2011, 133, 5629–5631.
  • K. Lee, R. Hahn, M. Altomare, E. Selli, P. Schmuki, “Intrinsic Au Decoration of Growing TiO2 Nanotubes and Formation of a High-Efficiency Photocatalyst for H2 Production”, ADV. MATER. 2013, 25, 6133–6137.
  • S.P. Albu, A. Ghicov, J.M. Macák, R. Hahn, P. Schmuki, “Self-organized, free-standing TiO2 nanotube membrane for flow-through photocatalytic applications”, NANO LETT. 2007, 7, 1286–1289.
  • J.M. Macák, H. Tsuchiya, P. Schmuki, “High-aspect-ratio TiO2 nanotubes by anodization of titanium”, ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED. 2005, 44, 2100–2012.
  • J.M. Macák, H. Tsuchiya, L. Taveira, S. Aldabergerova, P. Schmuki, “Smooth anodic TiO2 nanotubes”, ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED. 2005, 44, 7463–7465.